Terra Banatica is the Latin name of Banat, a region of our country known in two ways: the historical Banat and the Romanian Banat. The historical Banat, also called "the land between the rivers'', is bounded to the north by the Mureș River, to the west by the Tisa River, to the south by the Danube River, to the east by the Cerna River, together with the Godeanu and Țarcu Mountains, closing at the Iron Gate of Transylvania between the Țarcu Mountains and Poiana Ruscă. The Romanian Banat is mostly identified with the counties of Caraș-Severin (plus the Orșovei area), Timiș and Arad. The Mountain Banat is also the one crossed by the Via Transilvanica, a route that enters the Iron Gate of Transylvania in the county of Caras-Severin, crossing a part of the "Gugulan country", passing through the villages in the mountains and hills of the National Parks with secular forests, meeting the Nera with its cool shadows and canals of mountain streams, old and full of green, electrifying moss.
Caraș-Severin is the county with 15 ethnic minorities (Romanians, Hungarians, Germans, Croats, Serbs, Roma, Czechs, Slovaks, Ukrainians, Russians, Turks, Bulgarians, Jews, Poles and Italians), which sets an example for peaceful coexistence and the preservation of the language and customs of each community.